Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Review

2016 Copenhagen Wheel Review
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Chain Cog
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Top View
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Smart Phone App
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel 350 Watt Motor
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Removable Cover
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Front View
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Phone Mount Handlebar
2016 Copenhagen Wheel Review
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Chain Cog
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Top View
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Smart Phone App
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel 350 Watt Motor
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Removable Cover
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Front View
Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Phone Mount Handlebar


  • A near-silent electric wheel system available in 26" or 700c size, it converts traditional bicycles into ebikes and uses a smartphone app compatible with iOS or Android devices
  • No wires to deal with (uses Bluetooth 4.0 wireless connectivity), activates with a secure connection to only your account, offers three levels of assist and a regeneration mode as well as regenerative braking (pedal backwards to activate)
  • Has been on pre-order for nearly two years at the time of t his review (no confirmation on delivery date), not compatible with disc brakes (only rim brakes), only available in red color, no smartphone mount included, no way to charge your phone while using it as a display panel

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Video Review

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Copenhagen Wheel


$ 1200.00 ($950 Preorder Price)

Suggested Use:

Neighborhood, Urban

Electric Bike Class:

Pedal Assist (Class 1)
Learn more about Ebike classes


1 Year Comprehensive


United States

Model Year:


Electronic Details

Motor Type:

Rear-Mounted Gearless Direct Drive Hub
Learn more about Ebike motors

Motor Nominal Output:

350 watts (250 Watt, European Version)

Battery Voltage:

48 volts

Battery Amp Hours:

5.5 ah

Battery Watt Hours:

231 wh

Battery Chemistry:


Charge Time:

4 hours

Estimated Min Range:

20 miles ( 32 km )

Estimated Max Range:

30 miles ( 48 km )

Display Type:

Mobile App, iOS or Android, Bluetooth 4.0


Battery Capacity, Wheel Power Output, Human Power Output, Assist Level (Exercise, Off, Eco, Standard, Turbo), Average Speed, Distance, Duration, Map

Display Accessories:

LED Charge Indicator Near Charging Port on Wheel, On/ Off Twist Switch

Drive Mode:

Advanced Pedal Assist (12 Sensors Including Cadence, Torque, Speed, Accelerometer, Gyroscope)

Top Speed:

20 mph ( 32 kph ) (Limited to 15.5 mph in Europe)

Bicycle Details

Motor Weight:

13 lbs ( 5.89 kg )

Frame Colors:


Gearing Details:

10 Single Speed or 7, 8, 9 or 10 Speed Free Hub (SRAM or Shimano compatible)

Brake Details:

Regenerative Braking and Rim Brake Compatible


Proprietary Curved

Wheel Sizes:

26 in ( 66.04 cm )28 in ( 71.12 cm )


Compatible with Single Speed 120 mm Dropout or 7, 8, 9, 10 Speed Free Hub for 120 and 135 mm Dropout, Back-Pedal Regenerative Braking, Developer Kit with Open API for Creating New Apps, Cafe Style Motor Lock Using the App

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Written Review

In mid 2014 I traveled to Massachusetts and met with Assaf Biderman, Accociate Director of the MIT SENSEable City Lab. This group has landed some patents and received funding to develop smart transportation which has lead to the development of the Copenhagen Wheel and formation of Superpedestrian. There’s a lot more to say about this group and you can hear some of the backstory from Assaf himself in this video interview I shot at the same time I was filming this review. In short, the Copenhagen Wheel is an “all in one” electric bike kit that’s compatible with 26″ and 700c (~28″) wheel sizes. Inside there’s a motor, controller, wireless communications systems (compatible with low-energy Bluetooth 4.0) and a battery pack. Weighing around 15 pounds with the spokes, rim and tire this thing is fairly light and extremely clean… though bold. It only comes in red right now and is actually still on preorder though I’m told a handfull of units have been delivered. In my opinion the wheel works very well, it’s smooth and quiet but surprisingly zippy and fast (up to 20 mph in the US and 15.5 mph in Europe). While it’s not compatible with disc brakes, you are able to use a traditional rim brake and there’s a neat backwards-pedal activated regeneration feature. The biggest complaint I hear about this thing is lack of availability. There are people who have been waiting in pre-order status for nearly two years… The Superpedestrian team isn’t just sitting around though, I’m told that nearly everything I saw on this 2016 version has been updated since the last review. To me it seems narrower and sleeker, there’s no longer a keyed battery door on the side of the wheel and instead you’ve got a magnetic charging port, on/off dial and LED charge level indicator.

Driving the Copenhagen Wheel is a gearless, direct drive hub motor encased in a magnesium shell (along with the battery and electronics). It’s rated at 350 watts nominal in the US and stepped down to 250 for the UK and other European markets with corresponding top speeds as mentioned earlier, 20 mph and 25 kph respectively. Being gearless, there’s hardly any noise produced but there is a bit of drag when coasting because there’s no freewheel built in. Instead, the Neodymium magnets mounted along the interior wall of the hub motor repel on electromagnetic staters as it coasts and a bit of regeneration electricity is harvested. This is design feature that all direct-drive motors are capable of executing but few seem to leverage, it’s mostly higher end ebikes like the Specialized Turbo and Stromer ST2 that really do it well. I’m happy to report that the Copenhagen Wheel also delivers in this way and that you can choose from an “Exercise Mode” where light regen is constant as you pedal (allowing you to charge the battery manually at ~15% efficiency), and a “Regenerative Brake” where you pedal backwards to stop the bike using regen. Note that the braking feature does not completely stop the bike, it works best at higher speeds and in conjunction with rim brakes for a final stop. I really enjoyed the backwards pedal feature because it doesn’t distract from steering and spotting the way that a button pad adjustment might. Lots of electric bikes have regen built into brake levers but that wasn’t possible here due to the completely wireless nature of the wheel. This is a very clean, minimalist kit that’s quick and easy to swap on and off the bike and this unique back-pedal regen thing isn’t completely unique (the FlyKly offers the same sort of functionality) but I really enjoyed it and was surprised how quickly and smoothly it activated.

Powering the Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel is a small Lithium-ion battery pack spread out inside the shell to balance weight. I wasn’t able to see it and I don’t believe it’s meant to be easily removable for off-bike charging but it sounds like replacements may be available someday. This is one of the big changes I noticed from the prototype wheel reviewed in mid 2014, there isn’t a door on the side of this new Copenhagen Wheel, you have to use a star driver to open this thing up and that would take time and possibly void the warranty. I’m told that the motor and battery have been specially designed and tested to endure heat (which would presumably be higher in an enclosed space together like this). I can’t speak to the performance in extremely hot environments where maybe your bike has been parked at a rack all day in the sun and then pedaled up a steep hill in Turbo mode but let’s assume it just works. The company is offering a year long warranty with 500 cycles on the battery (at 70% end of term capacity potential). While I can’t say a lot about the chemistry or brand of cells used here I can say that it’s a 48 volt 5.5 amp hour pack (231 watt hours) which is on the small side. I’m estimating 20 to 30 miles range here per charge because this is a pedal assist only system. You’ll always be helping out so the battery can last longer and go further but best results will be achieved in the lower Eco mode which requires harder pedaling by the rider before really kicking in. That said, when it does kick in it feels pretty good…

The sensors inside the Copenhagen Wheel measure something like twelve dimensions including wheel speed, pedal torque, pedal cadence and acceleration. It sounds like there’s also gyroscopic measurement system that can respond to changes in bicycle orientation (ie. climbing or descending hills) and automatically help out or regen to maximize power use and extend range while also creating a “flat ride” experience. Other companies have made claims like this but I feel like the Copenhagen Wheel is the closest to delivering. It really is advanced, refined and intuitive to use. The display panel (your phone) is also quiet intuitive and has been improved since my last test. There are some advanced options buried deeper in the system (under the gear icon) but they stay out of the way for actual riding which is perfect. Once you’ve charged the wheel, turned it on using the little silver dial near the battery port, downloaded the app a nd paired it with your wheel it’s time to choose an assist level or enter regen mode. We go from regen at the lowest to off (which lets you ride like a traditional unpowered bicycle) up to Eco, Standard and Turbo. On most ebikes the lowest level has a top speed and power output which is clearly delineated. This is because most other kits and systems use cadence sensors. What I love about the Copenhagen Wheel is that you can still get a lot of power and speed out of Eco mode… if you pedal hard. It’s a lot more dynamic and that makes it fun and easier to use without thinking. Eco mode is more like a “use less power but still give me control” mode. Coming back to the app, it works with iOS or Android and automatically syncs with the bike (once you’ve established a secure link during setup). Basically, you can leave your phone in your pocket, approach the bike and it will recognize you and enter into the last mode you used… as long as Bluetooth is left on for your p hone and the wheel on/off switch is on. Note that the Copenhagen Wheel does enter a sleep mode if left on but that it won’t pair with anyone else’s phone, it’s connected to your online account so you could re-activate a new phone if yours is lost or damaged.

I had a lot of fun testing the updated Copenhagen Wheel and hope it’s the finalized production ready version because a lot of advancement has been made by other ebike companies in the years since preorders began. I feel like the original Copenhagen Wheel was pretty sweet for its time and that this could almost be a V2. Yeah, it’s a lot better but so is the newer Electron Wheel, BionX D-Series and e-RAD BBS02. None are quite as sleek or minimalist as the Copenhagen Wheel and most cost more money but they all deliver a similar end result… empowering you to go further, fight the wind or climb easier. I love that the Copenhagen Wheel can be used as a single speed, 7, 8, 9 or 10 speed with either Shimano or SRAM drivetrain components and I can’t say enough about how responsive and smooth it is. I’m still not a superfan of the bright red casing but hey, spray paint exists for a reason right? The price is still very impressive and seeing the team at Interbike this year with a hand full of test bikes really inspired confidence. I asked again and again for a release/delivery date and got that feedback about “some having been delivered” but no information about who, when or next steps. It’s difficult to do a review like this where so much is unknown but I hope the qualitative feedback about ride quality helps inform your decision and that we begin seeing these amazing wheels more and more out in the real world ;)


  • It rides quiet, smooth and feels very fluid when power is applied, stronger than I would have expected having tested other all-in-one conversion kits
  • The 350 watt motor size (250 in Europe) strikes a good balance between efficiency and light weight, it is zippy thanks to the 48 volt battery
  • Still relatively affordable at the preorder price of $950 considering it includes everything you need to get going aside from an Android or iOS smart phone (motor, battery, Bluetooth app), the full retail price will be ~$1,200
  • Open software API and developer support for creating your own apps or downloading those made by others, in particular this could be social apps or systems that allow the city to gather feedback about rider trends
  • Flat City model provides a little assist on flat terrain and automatically kicks in to “flatten” hills conserving battery while providing a consistent ride, it reduces complexity of use and lets you focus on riding
  • Drive system is available spoked into 26″ and 700c wheel sizes, includes spokes, rim and a tire (which you can swap with your own if you’d like the front and rear to match on your bike)
  • The batteries, controller and motor are all contained in the rear hub so you don’t have to run wires around the bike, the hub is also designed to be water resistant for easy cleaning and use on rainy days
  • System is basically hands free once turned on (pedal forward to get assistance and pedal back to activate regen), there is no throttle mode here so you always have to pedal to get assistance
  • Remote diagnostics feature, if you have any issues with the bike Superpedestrian will be able to identify your individual wheel and check on its status through your smart phone app wirelessly, this also allows for software updates over time
  • Very easy to install compared with other kits I’ve tested, even some all in one kits like the Electron Wheel which rely on a pedal sensor attachment in addition to the wheel
  • Solid one year warranty provided by Superpedestrian including motor and battery, the battery is advertised as getting 1,000+ cycles and is warrantied at 500 cycles with 70% capacity
  • The app is easy to use when riding if you’ve got a smart phone handlebar mount (swipe up or down to change modes), I like that you can also stow your phone and it will run with less energy in the background, you don’t even have to launch the app to get the bike to recognize you and start, when you walk away from the bike it automatically goes to sleep when the app is out of range but there is also an on/off dial on the wheel


  • Because the Copenhagen Wheel relies on smart phone devices instead of having a wired-in display, it may drain your battery more quickly (especially if you leave the app open and running for realtime feedback), you can reduce power consumption by closing your phone and just keeping it in your pocket or backpack
  • Currently the wheel is only available in primary red, for those who wish to have a more discrete electric bike solution this may not be ideal, I would love to see silver, gray, black or white someday
  • Because everything is included in the wheel, it weighs a bit more than some other motor-only kits at ~13 lbs vs. 6 to 9 lbs and will increase unsprung weight if you’ve got a rear suspension
  • The battery is not easily removable so you’ve either got to park near a charging outlet or take your bike or wheel inside to charge, this might also expose the battery inside the wheel to extreme temperatures if left outside which can wear the cells out more quickly
  • The unique spokes can be trued and replaced if they get bent but the proprietary design can only currently be purchased from Superpedestrian
  • Because this is a direct drive motor and offers regeneration, it also produces some cogging while coasting (drag produced by magnets repelling staters as the wheel spins)
  • Due to the larger diameter of the hub casing this kit is currently only available in 26″ and 700c (~28″) wheel sizes which will work for the widest audience of bicycle owners but will not be compatible with most compact and folding ebikes
  • Not compatible with disc brakes, you’ve got to use rim brakes (linear pull or v-brakes), the regeneration braking backwards pedaling thing is a cool but not as immediate as you might need in some situations, because the wheel is completely independent, traditional brakes won’t be wired in and will not send a cutoff signal to the motor when pulled
  • The kit does not include a phone mounting system, you’ll either have to carry your phone along in your pocket or bag or consider buying one after market, I was using a Quad Lock mount from Annex in the video review


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More Superpedestrian Reviews

Prototype Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel Review

  • MSRP: $ 799.00
  • MODEL YEAR: 2014, 2015

All in one smart wheel electric bike kit for 26" or 700c wheels, works with single speed or cassette. Removable Lithium-ion battery for convenient charging or extended rides (with optional second pack)...


October 9, 2015

I was surprised that the Copenhagen wheel was rated only a half point higher than the Electron wheel. To me, the Copenhagen wheel is in a different league entirely. Not just the obvious spec - 350 versus 250 watts - but the quality of the casing, the number of sensors, the overall engineering and robotics, etc. Oh ... and there is the ugliness factor. No, not the red wheel, the Electron wheel.

The BionX and eRad comparison is like comparing apples and oranges. Much more expensive systems and requires installation that is beyond the vast majority to do on their own - or at least my ability - so there will be installation costs. If it were in black, the Copenhagen wheel would look like the BionX on the bike without the addition of the battery pack on the downtube.

Court Rye
October 9, 2015

I rated it higher a year ago but took it down a half step here due to the long delay and lack of launch information. I agree with all of the points you made though, it's an amazing and very refined product. I drew comparisons the best I could but the CW is quite unique and offers a lot of benefits that other kits don't... thanks for sharing your input :)

James McClellan
January 28, 2016

I'll never buy this as long as its bright red. Black please!

January 31, 2016

1/31/16 and still not generally available, and only one person has been referenced as actually receiving their pre-order wheel. Yes, yes, they care about quality, but how is that different than any other quality product that actually ships in less than, what, five or six years after accepting pre-orders?

Another very important note, the stated warranty doesn't cover damage due to if you actually commute in the rain, the wheel dies...

Court Rye
January 31, 2016

Thanks for the update, sorry to hear you still haven't received the product you paid for :/

October 10, 2015

Don't buy they will never send it to you. I paid my $839.00 deposit. I have waited over a year and never heard anything. They just use your money and never deliver.

Court Rye
October 20, 2015

Sounds like they're still working to deliver on preorders (even from years ago) and only a small number have actually gone out. I couldn't get much info from the team during my review, I'm sorry they haven't been very responsive for you and I appreciate the feedback you've shared. Please do check in if/when you do get your Copenhagen Wheel.

July 19, 2016

It is coming up on 3 years since I ordered and paid for a Copenhagen wheel. My order is number 55 in the queue. The only thing they are delivering is disappointment. They are not shipping the wheels in small quantities unless you believe 3 wheels a year is actually considered shipping.

Court Rye
July 21, 2016

Wow... that's really sad Cheryl, thanks for reporting the situation and providing details about your order number. I wish Superpedestrian well in figuring out their business but feel that you and other customers deserve to get your product :( please do chime in again if/when it eventually comes.

Dan R
October 11, 2015

I saw the interview with the CW main guy, and how they have invested a heavily into the design. This is advances power electronic design. It is advances because it is integrated, a higher power density, wireless vs the cheaper, modular designs. It is impressive. Only feedback : please offer a different color! Simple fix and unfortunately will cost sales if only left as red.

Andrew Norris
October 11, 2015

Are the hub bearings and freewheel easily serviced? cup and cone or cartridge bearings? Quality of seals?

Court Rye
October 20, 2015

Great questions Andrew... unfortunately I have no idea! I've asked to see the inside of the wheel and take pictures but they are concerned about the proprietary design right now since it's still not fully released. Once it comes out for real and in full maybe I'll dissect one or you can share if you find out :)

October 17, 2015

Hi Court. I've been thoroughly enjoying your reviews since I began researching e-bikes over the last month or so. You have a most excellent job my friend! I've been trying to build up my own Faraday Porteur-like bike and wonder if the Superpedestrian wheel can make my dream a hassle-free reality? I'm thinking of marrying one of these up with a Long Haul Trucker and give it some swept back bars for a nice upright riding position... a la Porteur. It looks like I can just have the rear cog incorporated into the SP wheel, right? The derailleur and other bits stay on the bike and I just swap out the rear wheel? That's it??? No wires, etc. Sounds like bliss to me. Keep the videos coming and keep up the great work!

Court Rye
October 20, 2015

Hi Johnnie! Thanks man, I'm doing my best with the reviews. Yeah, your dream setup sounds great... I like the aesthetic and ride that the Faraday Porteur offers and am also a big fan of the Surly Long Haul Trucker (steel frame baby!) and with those larger bars it could be great. My only hesitation is the Copenhagen Wheel itself... I like what I've tried but as you can see from some of the other comments here, people have been waiting over a year for their pre-order and there's no guaranteed delivery time. You might be riding your Long Haul Trucker for a while with pedal power ;) anyway, you can use a cassette with the Copenhagen Wheel so you'll still have speeds (including multiple chainrings on the front). The bike I tested had a ten speed I think? That's one of the big upgrades of this kit vs. the FlyKly which I also really like... and which has also had some delivery delays. Would love to hear how you like your bike (whatever you choose) when it finally arrives :)

October 19, 2015

Court, I could not determine if the wheel can operate in a default mode - ie. without a smart phone, or if the smart phone battery dies. Is there an override key? Some default operation? Dan

Court Rye
October 20, 2015

Hi Dan! The impression I got is that yes, you can ride it just like a regular bike unpowered if you don't have the app but you will need your phone with the app in order for it to power on and run, it's dependent on your unique digital ID to boot up. Great question :)

October 25, 2015

Thanks for a detailed review and video. Much better than the limited Superpedestrian information. I suggest adding a review date so we know if does not refer to the 2014 version

Court Rye
October 27, 2015

Great suggestion John! I'm working on a redesign for and review date is something I've added for this exact reason. For the time being, you can approximate the date by looking at the videos on YouTube where they include a post date :)

October 30, 2015

I pre-ordered in December of 2013 and waited patiently for almost 2 years. Superpedestrian initially promised delivery for Spring 2014, then Summer, then end of year 2014. After missing 2014, they put out a flashy video promising Spring 2015. They missed that deadline and didn't even have the courtesy to communicate with their customers until several months after the missed deadline, indicating the release was imminent, then nothing again. Now they claim they are in production; however the only evidence is a handful of users on social media, one is a Superpedestrian Investor the others seem to be complete novice cyclists to the point where they do not know how to put on a helmet properly. The general reaction to the design has been very positive; however the execution on their delivery commitments and overall communications have been horrid. I would suggest you knock the rating down lower for poor execution more than one point. Time will tell if they ever make good on their deliveries, even if they do get it out, dealing with this company for a warranty issue is guaranteed to be an issue. I would strongly recommend not placing an order for this product until at a minimum they clear their pre-order deliveries and get some real world performance and reliability results.

Court Rye
October 30, 2015

All excellent points Tor, I really struggled with this review. I put a lot of thought into each score and do my best to be honest and transparent with the writeup. Super Pedestrian has never paid me, I'm not a marketing rep for them and I do this site to help people find the best product for their lifestyle and budget. I try to rate the products alone but service is a huge component and I agree it brings the Copenhagen Wheel down. I'm sorry you've had to wait so long and I hope that ends soon, I also apologize for my initial review which was less focused on delivery and service.

October 30, 2015

Hi.. I've salvaged two right angle gear motors (24v) and electronic controler from an electric wheelchair / scooter... They seem to be crying out for me to find a way to use them on my bike... These motors are designed to propel a combined weight (scooter plus rider) in excess of 600 pounds, so i gotta assume they are pretty robust! So, has anybody out there figured out a way to marry this kind of motor to their bike? If so, i would love to hear from you! Thanx, don in south florida.

Court Rye
October 30, 2015

Hi Don! Sounds like a cool project... I think you'll have better success getting feedback by posting in the Q&A section of the Community or heading over to the Endless Sphere forums where a lot of experimentation and tinkering goes on around EV's :)

Guenter Hibsch
October 31, 2015

The missing phone mounting system is natural according to the overall architecture of the bike. You use your own frame with your own handle bar - and there are:

a) so many different types of handle bars
b) handle bar producer or smart phone producer offer mostly a smart phone mounting system

Court Rye
October 31, 2015

Very true Guenter, I sometimes list other information in the "cons" section that isn't necessarily a big detractor or misstep by the company. I'm working on a site update that will change some of the wording and try to make this more clear. I want to help remind people that they will need a phone mount but also not be too critical of the company's decision not to include one. Thanks for your input and thoughts.

Pieter de Vries Lentsch
October 31, 2015

I totally agree with Tor on the continuing delay of delivering the Wheel to the people who pre-ordered it and already paid for it. I also ordered mine in December 2013. The latest communication from Superpedestrian was that they first want to set up a complete separate production line in Europe before they can tell anything about the delivery time. This was again a whole new message for the early adopters from Europe, a total surprise! So how long this again will take is a question which is not answered by Superpedestrian. It probably will last until Summer 2016 before we can expect the final product in European countries (I hope!). In the meantime I bought a Smart Ebike in order to get used to riding an electric bike but it isn't the same thing as riding my light-weight 30-speed racing bike with the Copenhagen Wheel mounted in the rear! I am still looking forward to that experience but my patience surely is being tested!

Court Rye
October 31, 2015

I hope it arrives soon for you and everyone else... It seems like a real product (given the demos I saw at their headquarters near MIT and at Interbike this year). Definitely chime in again here when you finally get the motor, your bike sounds awesome! I love light weight electric bikes and yours will be super clean and minimal from the sounds of it :)

November 3, 2015

Court, thanks for the detailed and updated review. Due to a whirlwind of financial/personal distractions, I had forgotten I pre-ordered the CW until they sent an email a year or so later. They have obviously discovered it is not a flat ride from concept to production. I can only imagine the non-production liability issues they have had to address. Also sounds like they are aiming for very large governmental markets like India. I am still very excited about this product, and while I enjoy the physical benefits of riding my human-only assisted bike for now, my aging bones will probably be more ready for the CW when it finally ships. Please keep us informed with your unbiased updates. Thanks again.

November 3, 2015

To their credit, they have also offered a refund to those who do not feel comfortable with the wait. This was from a 10/8/15 email communication: "To reward our supporters for the wait, units sold during this pre-order period are discounted well below their manufacturing cost. If you are uncomfortable with the wait, our policy remains unchanged: you can request a refund at any time"

Court Rye
November 4, 2015

I'll do my best Ben! Excited for you to get the product, definitely chime in once it arrives. I see a lot of potential with this product and was glad to see the company present at Interbike this year with a number of employees and 5+ demo bikes with Android and iPhone to test out :D

Court Rye
November 4, 2015

Wow, that's awesome! I wasn't aware they were offering this sort of support. I hear a lot of negative feedback about the wait from others who have preordered but I really appreciate your data point on how they are handling their relationships and being good to customers. Thanks Ben!

c w
November 3, 2015

Wondering: programmable security mode to lock the wheel (you want to steal it, you gotta CARRY it)? as much as i like the idea of program-ability and having a one-piece solution, my inner skeptic wants something that can be used as ped-elec without a mobile device..... Does it depend on the phone's for speed braking input? How is it avoiding a brake level power interrupt?

Court Rye
November 4, 2015

I believe it is using either Android or iOS to connect with and authenticate before the wheel can be used. You don't have to mount the phone or press anything once it's setup, you can leave it in your pocket or backpack and it just communicates wirelessly to tell the wheel it's okay to go. I think you can ride the bike without a phone and in non-powered mode just fine so the wheel isn't necessarily going to apply the brakes if there's an interruption (like if you dropped your phone or the battery ran out). The power might just stop and you'd be coasting like on a traditional pedal-power bike until you re-established a connection. I'm only guessing here but this was the impression I got during my tests and the talk with the founding and technical members of the team.

February 21, 2016

Hey , i tested the copenhagen wheel at interbike last Year, it does what you expect . Nothing more , Here is the bigger news about the Free Duck wheel , made by Ducati Energia in Italy . Since 2014 we tested the free duck ducati Energia wheel . Giving our feedback to the engineers in Italy . Since January 2016 we sell this wheel into the Netherlands , Belgium , Luxemburg! UK , and Spain comes with a full 2 years of warranty , replaceable battery, engine or controller in case of failure. Delivery time is 3 weeks !!!!! depending on actual stock . I invite everyone to test this wheel , we got them mounted on several bikes . Write at or

Court Rye
February 21, 2016

Hi Steff! The wheel looks pretty coo, I visited the official website at and it would be great to test and review, do you have any units in the USA? If you work for the company or can help me get a demo model please contact me here.

June 6, 2016

Is there any more information on the Free Duck Wheel? I was looking into the Copenhagen Wheel but I have been very put off by the company. I wanted to call and talk to a rep today about ordering and there is NO phone number listed for them. Maybe the idea is too good to be true. I am very sad about this because I would be ideal in my commuting world.

-Cycling Houston

Court Rye
June 6, 2016

I'll keep an eye out for the Free Duck Wheel, so far I haven't seen one in person and yeah... Superpedestrian seems to be having some delays and maybe limited contact with customers. I don't really know the full situation but I hear from what seems like a large number of frustrated pre-orderers.

Susan Glenn
March 27, 2016

Does anyone have a coupon code to bring the price of the wheel down?

Court Rye
March 27, 2016

Great question Susan! I haven't seen or heard of one but that doesn't mean it's not out there. Keep in mind, the Copenhagen Wheel has frustrated a lot of pre-order customers because it's taking a lot longer to ship than initially thought. Some people have been waiting for over a year... That said, it does look awesome and performed pretty well for me at Interbike in 2015 :D

May 13, 2016

Great review, well done. This thing could be a real game changer for commuters who don't want to sweat! And you can swap it onto your regular ride - brilliant. Two questions - is the assist limited to 20mph max? Otherwise, strong legs plus a 350W motor should be able to produce double that speed easily. Even weekend riders can maintain 25mph+ on the flats so I'm curious if the thing just cuts out above 20mph. Second question is data privacy; my radar goes off anytime "sharing with the community" or connectivity back to a central server is involved. Is the mobile app component a data mining play to record users' habits, travel, location, etc. to sell for marketing purposes? I know, "no personally identifiable data will be shared, etc." but no one trusts that. Nowadays you spend $60K for a new car or hook up your smart appliances and the "connected" features basically report back everything you do. Otherwise this thing is perfect but sure would be nice if it went faster!

Court Rye
May 17, 2016

Hi Morgan! Yes, the motor (and most ebikes) cut out at 20 mph due to classification in the US. There are some higher speed electric bikes and speed pedelecs that go ~28 mph but they are rare and may be limited on use (like where you can ride them without breaking the law). I think as far as the app sharing your data... yes, it probably does send back your use records for "research" but also potentially for marketing. I can't really say for sure but the team had mentioned how their data collection capabilities could be used to "reshape cities" and inform government and even create third party app opportunities. The biggest takeaway for the Superpedestrian Copenhagen Wheel to date has been that deliveries are very delayed and lots of early pre-order customers are frustrated.

May 18, 2016

Thanks Court, I figured it might cut out at 20MPH but that's not really a huge deal. Think of it as a backup for those high humidity summer days when you don't want to sweat on the way to work (or dinner!). But you know 1st thing engineer nerds like me are going to do is pull the thing apart and try and change the gear ratio (or speed sensor) so it can do 30MPH! Kidding. But the swap in and out is such a perfect approach to convert any bike to an easy commuter it really could be the "killer app" for bike transportation but the price point needs to be below that of a full elec bike. I will wait until the things actually start shipping before I put down any money. But that "inform govt" does make me nervous, "...Morgan, we clocked you at 32MPH drafting a car last week. That's $100 fine for failure to adhere to the marked bike lane..." but worse would be my wife, "Honey, your bike log shows your bike was stationary at O'Brian's pub for 6 hours, I thought you were riding a century!" Thanks again for the research and great article.

Court Rye
May 20, 2016

Haha! Awesome examples Morgan ;) there are lots of kits out there which do go super-fast or have some customization options. I recommend checking out the Endless Sphere forums which is full of engineers and tinkerers taking things to the next level. I focus mostly on consumer-level prebuilt ebikes here. You could also check out the EBR Community and share your questions/ideas. Ride safe :D

June 1, 2016

Dear, how often have I said to you that when you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be trust.

In this particular case, no matter how much it hurts, we shall conclude without recourse that neither founders nor the staff from Superpedestrian have ever gotten the EECS from MIT, and much less a Masters or Sc.D. in Engineering or applied physics they have claimed. Yes, we been taken for a ride, but in this case without a bicycle.

Well Know graduates from MIT were able to get from theory to three functional nuclear bombs in less time that it has already taken those "scoundrels" to put a simple battery operated wheel together.

Court Rye
June 2, 2016

Yeah... the purchase experience has been underwhelming. I was able to visit their lab near MIT but don't know much about their background. The product looks cool and people are excited but business is tough and perhaps the focus on engineering has taken priority over go-to-market ;)

Dr. Watson
June 9, 2016

Indeed, Holmes. I'm afraid I would have thought a response to this case to be below you, as time has already told its story with this project that has not sustained its life. Superpedestrian has strung an innocent crowd along and has not produced tangible results. As I often do once I've seen your analysis and conclusion, I do agree with you that this group deserves the title of "scoundrels."

-John H. Watson, M.D.

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